Political caricature on anthracite coal: both sides should listen to expert statements and reach a friendly agreement; Cartoon of the Cleveland Drug Dealer On February 13, 2005, the U.S. Federal Mediation and Mediation Service convened a meeting between the two parties to negotiate a new agreement. Three days later, NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman officially canceled the season. There was little hope that another season could have been saved, as hockey legends Wayne Gretzky and Mario Lemieux, both now co-owners of NHL teams, gathered the owners and players to talk on February 19. However, the discussions did not result in an agreement between the two parties. The Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) is the representative of all current Major League Baseball players. All players, managers, coaches and athletic coaches who have or have a contract signed with a major league club are eligible to join the association.  The Supreme Court then made labour arbitration a key aspect of federal labour policy in three cases known as the Steelworkers` Trilogy. The Tribunal found that the arbitration of appeals procedure was a method of resolving disputes and that the courts could not overturn the arbitral awards of arbitrators unless the award was not derived from the collective agreement. Once the possibility of losing a second season to the dispute became real and both parties understood that the dispute had alienated much of the league`s fan community, the league and NHLPA resumed negotiations in June 2005.
Many experts believed that the two sides wanted to reach an agreement in early July to coincide with Canada Day (July 1) and United States Independence Day (July 4). While The fourth of July went without agreement, the dynamics of an agreement were clearly established, with the two sides meeting daily between 5 July and 13 July. According to reports, the 12 July meeting lasted until 6 .m local time on 13 July, when the discussions lasted five hours. The parties announced their preliminary agreement at 12:30 p.m. .m. North American Eastern Standard Time (1630 UTC) on the 13th. The day was scheduled for the eve of the All Star baseball game, so no other sporting events were held in North America. Different economic theories provide a number of models that explain some aspects of collective bargaining: the players claimed that the owners agreed during the 2002 and 2003 seasons. As part of the 2006 CBA, the owners agreed to pay players $12 million in “luxury tax” revenue allocation funds.