The factoring transaction consists of four main parts, all accounted for separately by an accountant responsible for registering the factoring transaction: the advance rate is the percentage of an invoice paid in advance by the factoring company. The difference between the face value of the invoice and down payment rates is used to protect factors from losses and to ensure the coverage of their royalties. Once the invoice is paid, the factor returns the difference between face value, advance amount and business fees in the form of a factoring discount.  In the case of factoring, the third party buys in that transaction, the postman, the bill or invoices from the seller, usually with a discount to allow the return of the factor and a reserve that is a margin that retains the factor until the debt is withdrawn by the debtor. After receiving the payment on the invoice at the full face value, the postman hands over the reserve to the seller. The financial products available on the market are constantly evolving, one of the new products being the market bill. When factoring takes control of the full book of accounts, market account financing applies only to certain invoices and is not subject to any contract. Therefore, you also avoid termination fees by financing market accounts. While the difference between the face value of the invoice and the advance serves as a reserve for a given invoice, many factors also have a current reserve account designed to further reduce the risk to the factoring business. This reserve account is typically 10-15% of the seller`s line of credit, but not all factoring companies have reserve accounts. Factoring is a word that is often misused with debt financing.
In Europe, the term “factoring” has generally become the term for debt financing; but in the United States, this term refers to a form of specialized financing that involves the effective transfer of ownership of the debt to the lender, more specifically known as American Factoring. Factoring is a financial transaction in which a company sells its receivables (i.e. invoices) with a discount. Factoring differs from a bank loan in three. First, the focus is on the value of the receivables and not on the solvency of the business. Second, factoring is not a loan, but the acquisition of an asset (the debt). Third, a bank loan has two parts, while factoring has three. It may be helpful to ensure that you fully understand the terms of your agreement in order to avoid early termination. The contract will describe all the conditions of early termination and provide details of notice times and fees required – so read the fine print carefully to determine what you should do next. If necessary, you can seek professional advice by contacting us to better understand these conditions if you are not sure of any of them. Non-recourse should not be confused with a loan.   When a lender decides to lend to a business on the basis of assets, cash flow and credit history, the borrower must recognize liability to the lender and the lender recognizes the borrower`s promise to repay the loan as an asset.
  Factoring without recourse is the sale of a financial asset (the debt) in which the factor supports ownership of the assets and all associated risks and the seller forgoes any property on the asset sold.   An example of factoring is the credit card.