President Bush and President Yudhoyono discussed the growing partnership between the United States and Indonesia in disaster management, emergency preparedness and mitigation. The two presidents highlighted the steady progress made in building the West Coast Highway in Aceh province, which will restore communications and economic ties with tsunami-devastated communities, and agreed on the importance of accelerating land acquisition so that the road can be completed as planned. President Bush welcomed the significant progress made in rebuilding Aceh and paved the way for lasting economic peace and growth. President Bush and President Yudhoyono also welcomed the recent agreement between the two governments to cooperate in the development of a tsunami early warning system that will protect tsunami-prone areas in Indonesia until 2009. 1951 Before Germany became a member of NATO, the United States and Germany reached an agreement67 on the assurances required by the Mutual Security Act of 1951.68 Germany joined NATO in 1955 and in the same year concluded a mutual defence assistance agreement,69, which has obliged the United States to provide Germany with “such equipment, materials, services or any other assistance, as may be agreed.”70 Beyond this basic definition, DCs have specific characteristics. First, as proposed in section 1.2, DCAs are framework contracts. A framework is “a legally binding treaty… which establishes comprehensive obligations and a general system of governance for their parties, applying more detailed rules and setting specific objectives, either to subsequent agreements between the parties, usually called protocols, or to national legislation.” Footnote 14 For example, although DCAs often affect the arms trade, the agreements themselves provide only general procurement and reflection procedures. The execution of contracts requires further instruments. As Article 1.3 shows, many things are separate. As a result, leaders often describe DCAs as “legal umbrellas” for defence cooperation. Footnote 15 U.S.
personnel may include U.S. Army personnel, Department of Defense civilian personnel and/or contractors working for the Department of Defense. The scope is defined in each agreement. The political issue of SOFA is complicated by the fact that many host countries have mixed feelings about foreign bases on their soil and that SOFA renegotiation requests are often linked to calls for a total withdrawal of foreign troops. Issues of different national practices may arise – while the United States and host countries in general agree on what constitutes a crime, many American observers believe that the host country`s judicial systems offer much lower protection than the United States and that the host country`s courts may be under pressure from the public to be found guilty; In addition, U.S. service members who are invited to send shipments abroad should not be forced to waive their rights under the Rights Act.