The conditions it imposed on graduate scholarships enabled it to determine the nature and characteristics of the system, notably with the establishment of the Single National System (UNS) and the establishment of the Higher Education Scheme (HECS) in 1989. Sally Borthwick, Overview of Student Costs and Government Funding in Post-compulsory Education and Training (October 1999). Covers public funding, unit costs, individual expenditure and public grants for students. Descriptions of current DEST higher education research programmes can be found on this page. Dr Kemp`s former adviser, Andrew Norton, said the minister “found the funding and regulatory system so bad that it had to be abolished almost completely, but unfortunately, when he presented his proposal to cabinet, they decided not to change the structure.” Norton`s article is available in the fall 2000 issue of Policy, the journal of the Centre for Independent Studies, which also contains a number of other articles in favor of a more deregulated system. In the field of advanced education, TEC has identified the total number of students and their mix of institutions, fields and levels of study, after consultation with the public authorities. The allocation of funds to institutions has generally been carried out in accordance with the recommendations of these authorities. The AVCC issued a press release and a document containing the article Excellence and Equity: foundations for the future of Australia`s universities (pdf file) in response to the government`s policy statement. The AVCC strongly supported the policy orientation, but identified some weaknesses. These include the lack of effective indexation, the activation of funding to major changes in governance and workplace relations, an increased capacity for state intervention in higher education decisions and autonomy, and the need for more effective equity initiatives. . .