Clinton signed it on December 8, 1993; the Agreement entered into force on 1 January 1994.   At the signing ceremony, Clinton honored four people for their efforts to reach the historic trade deal: Vice President Al Gore, Council of Economic Advisers Chair Laura Tyson, National Economic Council Director Robert Rubin, and Republican Congressman David Dreier.  Clinton also stated that “NAFTA is synonymous with jobs. American jobs and well-paying American jobs. If I did not believe in it, I would not support this agreement.  NAFTA replaced the previous Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the United States. Key NAFTA provisions called for the phasing out of tariffs, tariffs and other barriers to trade between the three members, some of which were removed immediately and others over a maximum period of 15 years. Finally, the agreement ensured duty-free access for a wide range of industrial goods and goods traded between the signatories. “Domestic goods” status has been granted for products imported from other NAFTA countries, and any national, local or provincial government has been prohibited from imposing taxes or customs duties on these goods. According to a 2013 article by Jeff Faux published by the Economic Policy Institute, California, Texas, Michigan and other countries with high employment rates have been most affected by job losses due to NAFTA.  According to a 2011 article by EPI economist Robert Scott, the trade deal “lost or ousted” some 682,900 U.S. jobs.  Recent studies were consistent with Congressional Research Service reports that NAFTA had only a modest influence on manufacturing employment and that automation accounted for 87% of manufacturing job losses.
 The agreement also provided for administrative, civil and criminal sanctions against companies that do not comply with one of the agreed customs procedures and standards. The deal involved thousands of U.S. workers after U.S. companies moved their production sites to Mexico to take advantage of falling wages and looser workers` health and safety rules. In addition, critics say the deal has led to environmental degradation due to rapid industrialization in Mexico. In 1984, Congress passed the Trade and Customs Act, which gave the president the power to negotiate free trade agreements. It only allowed Congress the option of approving or rejecting, and it could not change the negotiating points. The kick-off of a North American free trade area began with U.S.
President Ronald Reagan, who made the idea part of his campaign by announcing his candidacy for president in November 1979.  Canada and the United States signed the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement in 1988, and shortly thereafter, Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari decided to address U.S. President George H. W. Bush proposed a similar agreement to make foreign investments after the Latin American debt crisis.  When the two leaders began negotiations, the Canadian government led by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney was concerned that the benefits obtained by Canada through the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement would be undermined by a bilateral agreement between the United States and Mexico and asked to become part of the U.S.-Mexico talks.  Sixth, the agreement allowed business travellers easy access to all three countries. Before Clinton sent her to the U.S.
Senate, clinton added two side agreements, the Nord American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC) and the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC), in order to protect workers and the environment and allay the concerns of many members of the House of Representatives. . . .